Land ownership in Canada

Transferring ownership or title to land in Canada from one person to another can be accomplished by a number of methods. Registration of a transfer of land or deed of sale can be done at a Land Registry Office, for example, or by operation of law. The most common method of conveying ownership in land in common law provinces (all provinces except Québec) is a transfer or deed done in accordance with an agreement of purchase and sale entered into between a vendor and a purchaser. Such agreements must be in writing to be enforceable, and should clearly set out the rights and responsibilities of those involved.

More in this section:

  • How land is conveyed
  • Security
  • Land transfer tax
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