Privacy laws in Canada

Canada’s privacy laws fall into three categories: comprehensive private sector privacy laws, comprehensive public sector privacy laws, and sectoral laws. The most important sectoral laws are those dealing with unsolicited commercial electronic communications (SPAM), unsolicited telemarketing, and specific privacy laws regulating the collection, use and disclosure of personal health information.

In addition, Canada has a system regulating access to information in the custody or control of governments, agencies, Crown corporations and other regulated entities, such as public hospitals. In this section, we focus on federal private sector privacy laws, and laws regulating SPAM and telemarketing.

More in this section:

  • Federal private sector privacy legislation
  • Transformative technologies and evolving legal areas
  • Future privacy law developments
  • Anti-spam and telemarketing rules

Download the complete 2019 Doing Business in Canada guide

In this guide: