In Canada, labour and employment relations are, for the most part, governed by the laws of the province in which an employee works. The term “labour relations” is used to refer to the union context, while “employment relations” is a general term covering employment laws and practices which are not specific to trade unions. Federal jurisdiction in the labour and employment field is limited to federal works or undertakings, including interprovincial transportation, telecommunications, broadcasting and banking. All other businesses are provincially regulated. A manufacturing operation, for example, with plants in different provinces may, therefore, find itself subject to the laws of several jurisdictions.
Notwithstanding the different jurisdictions, as a general rule, all Canadian jurisdictions are consistent in overall direction. However, the specifics of legislation and the administering agencies vary greatly from province to province.
In some jurisdictions, directors and officers of a corporation may be held personally liable for a variety of matters relating to labour and employment law. For example, in Ontario, directors of a corporation may be jointly and severally liable to the employees of the corporation for up to six months’ unpaid wages and 12 months’ vacation pay. Directors may also be exposed to liability under occupational health and safety legislation for failure of a corporation to comply with safety regulations. In Quebec, they can be jointly liable for up to six months unpaid wages (including vacation pay).
Additional posts from the blog
On February 6, 2014, the Ontario Securities Commission (“OSC”) released OSC Staff Notice 51-722 Report on a Review of Mining Issuers’ Management’s Discussion and Analysis Guidance (the “Report”). The Report summarizes the results of a review conducted by the OSC of the annual and interim Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) filed by 100 mining companies with market capitalization of less than $100 million (the “Review”) and is designed to serve as a tool to assist small mining companies to navigate regulatory requirements.
Alberta Securities Commission publishes Staff Notice 91-704 Over-the-Counter Derivatives Transactions
On January 2, 2014, Alberta Securities Commission (“ASC”) staff published Staff Notice 91-704 Over-the-Counter Derivatives Transactions (“ASC Staff Notice 91-704”) summarizing the current regulatory framework governing over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivatives trades in Alberta.
On December 18, 2013, Hydro-Québec Distribution (“HQD”) officially launched call for tenders A/O 2013-01 for the purchase of a 450 MW block of wind power (“A/O 2013-01”).