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Legal Guide

Canada, in addition to the majority of other nations in the world, is a member of the WTO. The purpose of the WTO is to foster a multilateral trading environment by establishing global rules to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, fairly and predictably as possible. The basic premise of the WTO is non-discrimination. Thus, most of the agreements administered by the WTO are founded on the core principles of most favoured nation status (MFN) and national treatment.

The agreements that the WTO administers, and to which Canada is a party, cover many areas related to trade and investment in a member’s territory. In addition to the more commonly known agreements covering trade in goods and services, Canada has undertaken certain obligations related to such things as the procurement process, protection of intellectual property rights, subsidies, standards and agriculture.

As the WTO is a multilateral institution where consensus by exceedingly diverse members is required, the obligations created by it are limited. To facilitate further trade liberalization, the WTO permits members to depart from the core concept of MFN and enter into regional preferential agreements.

Additional posts from the blog



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Environment Canada issues Hydrofluorocarbon reporting requirement

by Nalin Sahni

On April 7, 2014, the Minister of the Environment issued a Notice with respect to hydrofluorocarbons (the “Notice”), pursuant to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. The Notice imposes reporting requirements on those who imported, exported, or manufactured certain hydrofluorocarbons (“HFCs”) from 2008 and 2012. A non-exhaustive list of HFCs subject to these reporting requirements can be found in Schedule 1 of the Notice.



“Oh, what a tangled web we weave when first we practice to deceive.”

by Andy Pushalik

In an interesting decision, the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario has ruled that an employer is not liable for discriminatory and harassing texts sent by a rogue employee to another of its workers.

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